We are living in a culture where everyday people become active participants in their environment (YouTube, reporting the news through their cell phones, co-teaching with the instructor in a gym class, Facebook, Twitter, Instagram etc.). Why should education be any different? Education culture can be just as powerful and interactive when our scholars are encouraged to help shape what and how learning takes place. It requires teachers to create partnerships with students. In education, we like to call this student-centered learning. Relinquishing any kind of control in the classroom can be a scary thing for some; this is understandable, but the payoff is well worth any anxiety a teacher might feel at first.
The tools for establishing a culture of student voice are limitless! I believe it has to start with simple classroom norms. Norms are something different from the regular classroom rules or expectations that are designed to establish order. Norms provide scholars and teachers with a shared understanding of how they can best support each other in the learning process. Norms are like behavior manuals that can assist the teacher and the other students in mentoring classmates who struggle with following the norms. This leads to student leaders in the classroom, which can become one of the most powerful voices for a young person.
In addition to norms, another way I like to create and nurture student voice is by providing opportunities for my scholars to reflect and give feedback about the curriculum, classroom culture, and classroom systems. I believe by spending time on student reflection and feedback, I am sending out positive vibes to my scholars that I value our academic setting, and I value their voices. Students definitely need “airtime” to voice their thoughts about classroom life; without this, it becomes quite a challenge to get our scholars to care and become passionate about their learning. Once they do engage; however, their ideas should be implemented. Otherwise, student voice becomes more of a façade, instead of something organic and genuine; authenticity is lost and students can see through the smokescreen.
We just adopted a new ELA curriculum in my district and I absolutely love it. It puts student voice on a whole new level; it’s a game changer! One example is something called the Blast. In Blast lessons, students read short passages of informational text, follow carefully selected research links to deepen content knowledge and respond to the driving question in one hundred and forty characters or less (very Twitter like).
The powerful part is upon completion of the Blast, scholars read peers’ responses and provide anonymous feedback!
You could actually do the Blast without the technology (simply using sticky notes).
There is a great article in Arizona K-12 Homeroom entitled, “Speak Up! 5 Ways to Develop Students’ Public Speaking Skills.” The article highlights anxiety-free tips on how to raise students’ public voices. For example, the blogger writes, “Start small…take baby steps and start with small chunks leading up to bigger projects. For starters, you might begin with 30-second mini-speeches, nonverbal practice, and impromptu exercises with smaller groups.” I have found this strategy of starting small really works for my scholars. It builds up their self-confidence. I do something in my classroom called Kagan Trios. Kagan group structures are instructional strategies designed to promote cooperation and communication in the classroom; what I love most about these Kagan Trios is how it boosts my scholars’ confidence and retain their interest in classroom interaction. They are using their student voice (in a very small, safe setting) to interact with the curriculum, and with each other.
Everyone in the Kagan Trio has a role with a specific job (the clarifier, the discussion leader, the task master). The trio cannot accomplish the group task or goals without working together. Starting small, in order to encourage and develop student voice, is especially helpful for my shy students and early language learners. The result: greater engagement and lower anxiety. Among all the Trios, I will pick one to spotlight and we all get to watch that particular group present their work to the rest of the class. That’s always a fun treat for all of us and great motivation for the rest of the scholars to work that much harder so their group can be picked next time!
Students value a classroom or school culture where they feel their voice matters. Establishing a culture of student voice is giving young people charge over how they learn; this includes access to the curriculum, co-development of assessments and products for learning outcomes. Teachers who co-create a culture of student voice are setting the foundation for students owning their own learning. Partnering with my scholars truly gives me the greatest joy! There’s nothing else like it.
What are you doing to nurture and develop student voice in your classroom? Please share your thoughts and strategies!